The French Government has revealed the text of five ordinances reforming several aspects of the French employment code. These ordinances are aimed in particular at providing employers more flexibility and predictability in labour-management relations.
This ambitious reform, numbering 159 pages and providing for 36 measures, amends the applicable legislation pursuant to the following principles defined by the French Government:
- giving precedence to micro-businesses (TPE) and to small and medium-sized companies (PME);
- demonstrating trust in businesses and employees by giving them the ability to anticipate and adapt simply, swiftly and securely;
- creating new rights and new forms of protection for employees;
- providing further protection to trade unions and elected staff representatives engaging in social dialogue;
The five ordinances are slated to be presented to the Council of Ministers on September 22, 2017 and, if approved, will be published by the end of September 2017. The dates of entry into force may vary for each of the provisions but at all events, the ordinances are expected to be effective no later than January 1, 2018. A ratification law (loi de ratification) will then be voted by Parliament to ratify the ordinances promulgated by the Government.
Some of the principal changes effected by the ordinances can be summarized as follows: