The Clean Technology Fund (CTF) is one of the two multi-donor Trust Funds within the Climate Investment Funds (CIFs). The CIFs have been designed to support low-carbon and climate-resilient development through scaled-up financing channelled through Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs). The CTF aims to support the rapid deployment of low-carbon technologies on a significant scale, with the objective of cost-effective reductions in the growth of greenhouse gas emissions. The CTF finances programmes in 12 countries, including Nigeria, and one region. In order to access CTF, the MDBs concerned engage with stakeholders on how the fund may help finance scaled-up, low carbon activities in the given country. Investment Plans are designed under the leadership of the recipient country.
Nigeria’s CTF Investment Plan is a broad “business plan” by the Federal Government of Nigeria for the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), the African Development Bank (AfDB), and the International Finance Corporation (IFC). It supports the low-carbon growth objectives and priorities outlined in Nigeria’s First National Communication to the Convention (see above) and also Vision 20: 2020.
Nigeria’s Investment Plan envisages a total investment of US $1.316 billion leveraged through partners, counterpart funds and the private sector.4
Nigeria’s CTF Investment Plan highlights the following priorities:
- transport and industry were selected as the key sectors as they are both end users of energy and are central to the Nigeria’s economy, its development and its environment
- expanding transportation choices in Nigeria’s growing cities, will help to bend Nigeria’s emissions trajectory significantly in this sector, while contributing to a better quality of life in the short-to-medium term
- catalysing markets for energy efficiency creates an opportunity for increased competitiveness for Nigeria’s industry, with the opportunity to leverage private sector capital to scale-up these low-carbon investments in a reasonable timeframe.
Reducing gas flaring from interventions in the broader energy sector was seen as critically important for Nigeria but the CTF was determined to be an inappropriate instrument for addressing this issue.
In terms of its focus on energy, the Investment Plan focuses on downstream energy:
- The CTF initiative in Nigeria is intended to help overcome the financing and market barriers for low carbon investments (such as unfamiliarity with clean energy and energy efficiency as lines of business, high nominal interest rates and short loan tenors) through a combination of financial incentives, risk products or lines of credit, as well as institutional and market based capacity building and advisory services programs.
- This will support the deployment and application of clean energy and energy efficiency solutions and fuel switching in various industrial and service sectors and in households.
- In energy efficiency, the CTF investment would provide concessionary terms that will help overcome the concerns that Nigerian industry has about the high initial capital outlay of the technologies.
- In renewable energy, CTF financing would help to fill financing gaps that may result from lack of familiarity and support for such projects from financial institutions. It would also provide concessionary terms that overcome the additional cost barriers of employing, for example, energy efficient boilers for agriculture and food processing companies.
- CTF resources could also be used to provide appropriate incentives for qualified waste-to-energy developers and local financial intermediaries to ensure timely and sustainable delivery of such projects.