Following a complaint by the Confederation of European Fine Paper Industries the Commission initiated an anti-dumping and an anti-subsidy investigation on 17 February and 18 April 2010 respectively. According to the dual investigation, the Chinese exports under assessment were found to exert undue price pressure on the EU market which had a significant negative impact on the financial and operational performance of European producers of high quality printing paper.
Therefore, in addition to the anti-subsidy duties, the EU decided to set also antidumping duties, amounting from 8 to 35.1 per cent depending on the producer, on imported paper. Both measures have been imposed for the next five years and can be extended provided that the European Commission, upon request by EU producers or other parties, determines that the expiry of the measures may lead to a recurrence of injury to the European paper industry.
The decision to impose both anti-subsidy and anti-dumping measures on the same goods has been criticised by China’s Ministry of Commerce and Chinese manufacturers which have accused the European Commission of doublecounting. Furthermore, during the investigation, Asia Pulp & Paper, China’s largest paper exporter, also contested the fact that the market share of Chinese manufacturers is very small, concretely less than 5 per cent of the EU market.