There are currently 316 CDM Projects submitted to the Designated National Authority (DNA) in South Africa. Of these, 228 are Project Idea Notes (PIN) and 88 are Project Design Documents (PDD). Of the 88 PDDs, 21 are registered as CDM Projects, (9 issued with CERs). Projects submitted to the DNA are in respect of, among other things, energy efficiency, fuel switch, bio-fuels, stream to energy processes, waste management and methane recovery, co-generation and transport. Of the 88 PDDs, 38 are in respect of renewable energy projects and of the 228 PINs, 96 are in respect of renewable energy projects.5
As South Africa is not a Least Developed Country, the CERs issued from the CDM projects registered after 31 December 2012 would initially not have been eligible for compliance under the EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme, having corresponding negative implications for the nascent South African carbon market. However, climate change negotiators at COP17 agreed to extend the program for a further five years.
In an effort to fast track project registration, the DNA has amended the project approval process, reducing the public comment period from 30 to 15 days and is processing projects with pending EIAs or environmental authorisations.