In Kenya’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) it has its sights set on reducing its GHG emissions by 30% by 2030. Announced in July 2015, Kenya’s INDC stated that the 2030 target will be achieved by adapting and implementing various action plans, framework policies and legislation at national and county level. The INDC also reveals that Kenya aims to achieve its target by focusing on geothermal energy generation and other clean energy options; sustainable waste management systems; climate smart agriculture; low carbon and efficient transportation systems; and achieving a tree cover of at least 10%.
Kenya also announced in its INDC that it will require US$40 billion to reach its target by 2030. In addition to the domestic support needed, Kenya also requires international support in the form ‘of finance, investment, technology development and transfer, and capacity-building’.
The plan also forms a cohesive part of Kenya’s long-term economic and social goals, particularly its Vision 2030, by which it is seeking to be a middle income country by 2030:
‘Kenya strives to be a newly industrialised middle income country by 2030. This development is expected to increase emissions from the energy sector. The current energy mix, however, is mainly clean with deliberate efforts by Government towards enhancing geothermal, wind, solar and other clean energy development.’