On 1 October 2015 the Indian government submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC).
India does not have a greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions issue to the extent that other countries do and it recognises this fact in its INDC submission stating,
‘Even now, when the per capita emissions of many developed countries vary between 7 to 15 metric tonnes, the per capita emissions in India were only about 1.56 metric tonnes in 2010.’
However, India as a developing country, faces different issues due to the fact it must place significant emphasis on growth and social development in order to eradicate poverty in the country. India accounts for 2.4% of the world’s surface area, but supports around 17.5% of the world population and it houses the largest population without access to electricity (304 million), therefore, dealing with these issues must be its foremost priority and the country must focus on doing this in a sustainable way,
‘Given the development agenda in a democratic polity, the infrastructure deficit represented by different indicators, the pressures of urbanization and industrialization and the imperative of sustainable growth, India faces a formidable and complex challenge in working for economic progress towards a secure future for its citizens.’
India’s INDC states that it intends to reduce the emissions intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 levels. India intends to achieve circa 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low cost international finance including from the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Additionally, the INDC sets out a plan to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
The full text India’s INDC submission can be accessed here.