The Australian federal parliament will consider a new Modern Slavery Act (MSA) this year, with legislation expected to be passed in the second half of 2018. It is therefore crucial that affected businesses begin reviewing their supply chains and collecting data ahead of the introduction of reporting obligations in 2019.
At its broadest, the term 'modern slavery' refers to any situations of exploitation where a person cannot refuse or leave work because of threats, violence, coercion, abuse of power or deception. The Australian government proposes that for the purpose of the reporting requirement, modern slavery will be defined to incorporate conduct that would constitute a relevant offence under existing human trafficking, slavery and slavery-like offence provisions set out in Divisions 270 and 271 of the Commonwealth Criminal Code.
This will mean modern slavery will encompass slavery, servitude, forced labour, debt bondage, and deceptive recruiting for labour or services. The government proposes to exclude practices, such as forced marriage, that they regard as unlikely to be present in business operations and supply chains.
The businesses that will likely be affected are those operating in Australia with a minimum annual revenue of $100 million.
A targeted regulatory regime will be introduced, under which large businesses will report annually in relation to their actions to address modern slavery against a set of minimum criteria. The government also proposes a central repository of the annual statements.
Read our analysis on how the MSA has evolved in this article: Path to an Australian Modern Slavery Act
What are the statistics?
Many Australian businesses may be unaware of the risk that they have slavery in their business or supply chains. Statistically, the incidence of modern slavery within Australia appears to be relatively low, but the concern is that the statistics reflect a low level of awareness of the issues, and the actual incidence may be much higher, both domestically and overseas.
As at September 2017, the Walk Free Foundation’s Global Slavery Index estimates:
- in excess of 40 million people globally are subject to some form of modern slavery and collectively approximately US$150 billion per year is generated in the global private economy from forced labour alone;
- 30,435,300 people in Asia-Pacific Region are 'enslaved' (66.4 per cent of all people enslaved); and
- 4,300 people in Australia are enslaved.