Under the new rules, employers may use new types of technology for security purposes and for employee monitoring.
For example, employers may still use CCTVs to protect company property and provide a secure workplace for employees and clients. As before the reform, the employer has to obtain an authorisation to install these devises, but the procedure for obtaining the authorisation has been simplified. Employers with multiple places of business in different regions, for instance, may now obtain a single authorisation from the Ministry of Labour, instead of having to request multiple authorisations from numerous local labour offices, as was the case prior to the reform.
Moreover, under the new rules, an employer may require that their employees use technological devices, such as smartphones, laptops, GPS systems and e-badges, without having to obtain prior authorisation by unions or other labour offices.
In particular, the new rules state that an employer no longer needs an authorisation to distribute to employees «devices used by employees to carry out their activity/duties» and «devices used to register their access and their presence».
This is a big step in liberalising the use of technology for employee monitoring and illustrates the desire to bring the legal framework up to date with the modern usage of technology by businesses.